The rules, familiar steps though they are for many, are as follows: Four speakers in each team (for and against the motion) Not all types of work are appropriate for pairs and groups, so never have students work in groups on an activity simply for the sake of working in groups. These strategies are helpful in a wide variety of group work situations, but are essential for group work that will last beyond a single class period, or … Small group work can support the creation of a classroom of inquiry, in which students listen to each other with respect, build on each other’s ideas, assist in drawing inferences, challenge ideas, and justify coclusions (Lipman, 2003). Accessibility and Accommodations Statement. Group Work for the Good Unpacking the Research behind One Popular Classroom Strategy Bˆ T B ˘˘ I t wasn’t until I had been teaching 11- to 18-year-olds for four years that I realized I had been consistently misled. Beim Classroom strategies Test sollte der Vergleichssieger in so gut wie allen Punkten gewinnen. But without careful planning and facilitation, group work can frustrate students and instructors and feel like a waste of time. Clearly, in Mathematics, real problem based learning can be a central way to approach mathematical challenges in a collaborative way; in Science or Philosophy, the options to tackle ethical and scientific problems are endless. It’s communicative. Do you simply want your students to get to know each other and start building community in your class? STRATEGIES FOR SUCCESSFUL GROUP WORK Mary Beth Nipp , Grand Canyon University Stephanie Maher Palenque, Grand Canyon University ABSTRACT The thought of group work, or CLC Groups often strikes fear and loathing in the hearts and minds of both students and instructors. Second speaker outlines two or three more ideas in some depth With five or six ‘Home‘ groups identified, the ‘experts‘ then leave that group to come together to pool their expertise on the one topic; they question one another and combine research, ideas and their knowledge. Social Constructivist Teaching Strategies in the Small Group Classroom Show all authors. The role of the teacher in devising and planning a successful group task takes skill, rigour and utter clarity and precision. The student on the spectrum may not understand how to ask to see the assignment. It is based primarily upon the model from medicine – think Dr House (although he is hardly a team player!). Often, you don’t have a clear understanding of what each student knows, and a single student’s lack of effort can torpedo the group grade. As the metaphor of the snowball suggests, you can begin with an individual response to a question; followed by then pairing up students up; then creating a four and so on. Johnson, D. W., Johnson, R. T., & Smith, K. A. In the classroom, a cooperative learning lesson involves students working in small groups to accomplish a learning task. Classroom Management. Perhaps we need to teach debating with great skill if we are to produce citizens who can debate with the best of them…and with Michael Gove. Is it time to KO the Knowledge Organiser? Group work is defined as more than one person working together to complete a task or assignment. The crucial aspect about presentations is giving students enough time to make the presentation worthwhile, as well as allocating clear roles. Um Ihnen zu Hause die Wahl eines geeigneten Produkts ein klein wenig leichter zu machen, haben unsere Produktanalysten schließlich das beste Produkt dieser Kategorie ernannt, das zweifelsfrei von all den Classroom strategies sehr auffällig ist - vor allen Dingen im Faktor Verhältnismäßigkeit von Preis und Leistung. Set meeting schedule. This can be done in front of the class as a gallery of sorts, or you can have all triads working simultaneously. 3. 7. Similar to the ‘square’ approach mentioned in ‘Think-Pair-Square’, the ‘snowballing’ activity is another simple but very effective way of building upon ideas by starting with small groups and expanding the groups in a structured way. Millersville University, Millersville, PA, USA See all articles by this author. Here are some words of wisdom our teachers offered to conduct successful group work in the classroom. Watching my students develop into strategic readers has completely changed my feelings toward teaching reading. We welcome accompanying assistants, interpreters, and note-takers. Using small group work as a teaching strategy shifts the focus away from students being inert recipients of information, to being actively engaged in their learning (Killen, 2009). The classroom is a dynamic environment, bringing together students from different backgrounds with various abilities and personalities. If they do work simultaneously, then a nice addition is to raise your hand next to a particular triad, which signals for other groups to stop and listen whilst that specific triad continues, allowing for some quality listening opportunities. Set ground rules for personal conduct and working practice. Group Work in the Classroom: Types of Small Groups Buzz groups. Classroom discussions is an excellent strategy for assessing learner knowledge. Suggestions for Using Small Groups in the Classroom. We welcome accompanying assistants, interpreters, and note-takers. Another issue is ‘group think’ miscomprehension – indeed, how does prejudice flourish if not in social groups? They want the groups to produce quality work—better than what the students could do individually—and they want the students to learn how to work productively with others. Teachers need to keep groups on track, intervene appropriately to improve learning and regularly regain student focus. According to Swan, Shen, and Hiltz (2006) collaborative work presents See the CTE teaching tip “. This strategy can be done individually or in a group setting. Our active work toward reconciliation takes place across our campuses through research, learning, teaching, and community building, and is centralized within our Indigenous Initiatives Office. have value. Long gone are the days when kids were expected to work on assignments alone at desks arranged in neat rows — and for good reason. When planning group work, keep in mind that students may have completed group projects in high school or in other courses, but they have not necessarily learned to collaborate effectively. Your purpose should dri… CTE’s face-to-face workshops typically involve a mix of presentation and discussion-based activities, and we encourage a scent-free environment. Effective task design for the TBL classroom. [Warning – some designs can look like they have been produced by Keith Richards on a spectacular acid trip!]. Photo credit: VirginMoney via flickr (CC BY 2.0) When teachers ask students to work on a … Assessment strategies for teachers can be based on individual grades and group work. You can use a benchmark assessment, individual conferences, or weekly assessments to collect data. The focus of my work is supporting school improvement and making research  evidence accessible and useable for teachers and school leaders. Not only that, but when she was recently absent the group had no access to the project’s materials and no idea how to proceed without her. I still get many requests each month. It also allows for every student to have a role and quality feedback becomes an expectation. Truly the best guide is to survey these great examples: The Innovation Unit has also produced this brilliant must-read guide to PBL in great depth here. – Have clear ground rules for talk, listening and fair allocation of workload etc. My, admittedly non-scientific, observations are that many of the times students are in ‘flow‘, or their element, in my lessons is when they are collaborating in group work. Educational research indicates that grouping in classrooms positively affects learning outcomes if cooperative learning strategies are appropriately applied. That shouldn’t put us off – aren’t all teaching and learning strategies subject to such risks? By Peter Blatchford, Peter Kutnick, Ed Baines, and Maurice Galton, An excellent National Strategies booklet from back in the day when the DfE was interested in pedagogy. It can be used during the draft/main process or as a summative task. Our institution is situated on the Haldimand Tract, the land promised to the Six Nations that includes six miles on each side of the Grand River. Within a group project, include a component requiring individual students to submit non-onerous individual work. Die Betreiber dieses Portals haben uns der Aufgabe angenommen, Ware verschiedenster Variante ausführlichst zu vergleichen, sodass Käufer einfach den Classroom strategies ausfindig machen können, den Sie als Leser für ideal befinden. Debating (using clear rules). Ideally, this learning approach follows some high quality direct instruction, and teacher led worked examples, to ensure that students have effective models to work from and some of the aforementioned working memory. Get to know group members. Additionally, I write edubooks and offer consultancy. Collaborative learning can be implemented in the college classroom through a variety of ways: 1. Draw on the group’s efforts to deliberate and use collective decisions and experiences. To vary group composition and increase diversity within groups, randomly assign students to groups by counting off and grouping them according to number. Search Google Scholar for this author, Brielle Elise Valle 1. ‘Implementing Group Work in the Classroom‘, Pingback: Working SOLO in Group Work | meridianvale, Pingback: 4. Therefore, the student with ASD may sit quietly not attempting the work or may talk to partners about irrelevant topics due to anxiousness. The National Education Association supports cooperative learning because of its research-proven benefits. (1993). Classroom groups become more successful as they pursue both task and social-emotional goals. have to interrogate the question, forming their own sub-set of questions about the question/ topic. Strategy Group Success. Effective Group Work | Heathfield Community School, Pingback: Blog of the Week 3: Top Ten Group Work Strategies via HuntingEnglish | RGS Learning, Pingback: Group Work Skills | challengemyself. The groups have 30 minutes to prepare their conversation and 10 minutes to present it to the class. First speaker introduces all the ideas that team has generated Special Focus Issue: Johnson, D.W., Johnson, R.T., and Smith, K.A. This concept teaches diversity, communication, and compromise. Pedagogy and Practice: Teaching and Learning in Secondary Schools Unit 10: Group work, Nice step by step guide to the implementation and the delivery of group work 2. Snowballing or the Jigsaw method. Description: These groups involve students engaging in short, informal discussions, often in response to a... Think-pair-share. This constructivist approach should build upon expert teacher led pedagogy – ensuring that students have a good grounding in the relevant knowledge before undertaking in-depth group work. I have spoken about this strategy before here. This method was originally targeted for students with learning disabilities until educators realized that all students can benefit from this strategy. (Just be careful here and know your students. This has the benefit of keeping the whole class engaged and actively listening to the debate. Lisa M. Schreiber . Being transparent in the purpose and benefits of group work will help students understand the value of this type of learning. Assessing Group Work Grading group work is problematic. Millersville University, Millersville, PA, USA See all articles by this author. Be committed to the group. ), but other roles, such as leader, designer and scribe etc. The work of the whole group should be displayed in a gallery style for a short time. The Centre for Teaching ExcellenceEast Campus 3, Second Floor, Phone: 519 888 4567 x 43353 Put simply, when researching a topic, like the causes of the Second World War, each member of a group is allocated an area for which they need to become the ‘expert‘, such as ‘the impact of the Treaty of Versailles’, or ‘issues with the dissolution of Austria-Hungary’ for example. Brielle Elise Valle . A group is a collection of interdependent, interacting individuals with reciprocal influence over one another. Benefits. It makes the students identify and prioritise the key elements of their knowledge and the skills they are honing. The ‘jigsaw method’ is slightly more intricate. To find out more, read about four reciprocal teaching strategies you can use today! It is a skilful way of varying group dynamics as well as scaffolding learning. Cooperative Learning (Group Work) Definition. Assessment strategies for teachers can be based on individual grades and group work. If I am continually vexed by any one question in education it is ‘how can we enhance student motivation?‘ Of course, I do not have the answer, and if there is one it is multi-faceted, complex and, frankly, not going to be solved in this blog post. I much prefer a ‘working wall‘, that can be constantly changed or updated (or a ‘learning continuum’ for an entire topic when can be periodically added to each lesson). Reciprocal influencerefers to mutual effects exchanged and felt by the same people. Understand your own strengths and weaknesses. Suggestions for Using Small Groups in the Classroom. Group work gives students the opportunity to engage in process skills critical for processing information, and evaluating and solving problems, as well as management skills through the use of roles within groups, and assessment skills involved in assessing options to make decisions about their group’s final answer. Up until that point I had trusted my teacher training to provide the best Project Based Learning/Problem Based Learning. Top 10 Group Work Strategies 1. Thanks for the reassurance and the references! Assessing Group Work Grading group work is problematic. Fourth speaker criticises the points made by the other team 500 Tips on Group Learning. This strategy can be done individually or in a group setting. ... Dubie, M. (2019) Group work in a general education classroom for students with asd. None of which may be appropriate. Usually, this takes place in small groups where the success of the group is dependant on the students working together to achieve a common goal (also known as positive interdependence). Don’t get me wrong, there are pitfalls and obstacles to group work. A great research paper that analyses group work and its importance: Visit our COVID-19 information website to learn how Warriors protect Warriors. Pingback: Hybrid Learning: A Complete List of Essential Resources | ViewSonic Library | Far World News, Pingback: Hybrid Learning: A Complete List of Essential Resources | ViewSonic Library - NWS100, Pingback: Hybrid Learning: A Complete List of Essential Resources | Education News – PePPer TV Cooking, Sport Health and Nutrition, Pingback: How to Improve Group Work | eCampus.com Blog, Can I remind anyone who wants to cite & use images of Behaviour Change Wheel or COM-B model of behaviour change, you do not need to ask my permission. The Confident Teacher is a blog by teacher and author, Alex Quigley (@HuntingEnglish), In Uncategorized by Alex Quigley12/01/201310 Comments. For some group tasks, the diversity within a group (e.g., gender, ethnicity, level of preparation) is especially important, and you might want to assign students to groups yourself before class. We need to use it regularly because it is the very best of scaffolded learning; it almost always facilitates better quality feedback by allowing proper thinking time and for students to sound out their ideas and receive instantaneous feedback from peers. Cooperative learning is a teaching strategy that involves having students work together rather than in competition. Discover grading methods for assessing group work in the classroom. Get the latest posts delivered to your mailbox: I write books for Routledge, including the bestseller, ‘Closing the Vocabulary Gap’. It takes some skill in teaching students how to talk in this fashion, but once taught, it can become a crucial tool in the repertoire. I would ideally label this strategy: ‘questions, questions, questions‘ as it is all about creating, and modelling, a culture of enquiry by asking students questions about a given topic, rather than didactically telling them the answer – then helping shape their research. In classrooms as few as two people can form groups, as long as the paired individuals have reciprocal influence through communication and mental contact. Similar to the ‘square’ approach mentioned in ‘Think-Pair-Square’, the... 3. I find the most valuable learning is actually during the design ideas stage.You can ‘snowball’ design ideas with the students; beginning individually, before getting groups to decide collaboratively on their design; then having a whole class vote. Students need to be clear about a whole host of things: from their role, to the purpose of the task and the parameters of expected outcomes to name but a few. Immediately after, students retake the test in their small groups, working to find consensus on their responses. Group work is defined as more than one person working together to complete a task or assignment. @Ambition_Inst https://twitter.com/ambition_inst/status/1334560517843800067. ‘Toward a social pedagogy of classroom group work’ 1; 2; 3; Build a working relationship and establish guidelines. Of course, no teaching strategy is foolproof and plain good teaching should remedy many of the potential ills of group work, just as good teaching can make more traditional teacher-led ‘direct instruction’ wholly engaging and effective. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers. Students are expected to first undertake a short silent viewing (making notes to reflect is also useful here). How to Implement Strategy Groups in Your Classroom 1. Another idea is to distribute candy (e.g., Starburst or hard, coloured candies) and group students according to the flavour they choose. https://twitter.com/deanna_mill/status/1330321957615587328, NEW - NFER research highlights that some of the most deprived schools require additional support now, to meet the costs of #Covid19. There is no better compliment than when students question how long there is left and express genuine surprise at how fast time has passed, and that they have actually enjoyed that lesson. Then, the sometimes chaotic, but enjoyable activity it to create the display. Currently, I am a columnist for both TES and Teach Secondary magazine. 1. Gross Davis, B. (2006). For example, the project could include a personal reflection piece (e.g., e.g., Huang, 2011a), in which each member individually reflects on the process and product of his or her own portion of the group work. Also, I am very lucky to have a column for both TES and Teach Secondary magazine. Group work certainly isn’t the lazy option: it takes skill in the planning and the execution, and sometimes, despite our best laid plans, it still fails. 1. Working in small groups gives students a chance to practice the higher-order thinking skills that instructors love to teach. David Didau sagely recommends that the teacher, or students in collaboration, find a specifically local problem – this raises the stakes of the task. If I was to define a simple and straight-forward basis for the rules for group work it would be: – Have clearly defined tasks, with sharp timings and with the appropriate tools organised Students then work on the task together with defined roles (i.e. The power of the group, guided by the expertise of the teacher, accelerates learning, makes it richer and demands a learning consensus that can push people beyond their habitual assumptions. Journal on Excellence in College Teaching (2014). Assessing students when they are involved in group activities or projects cannot be done in the same way as individual assessments. Use these assessments to help keep group projects effective and fair for every student. Selection: You should either a… – Always be prepared to curtail group work if students don’t follow your high expectations. Size: Two to six people in a group is ideal. Journal on Excellence in College Teaching, 25(3&4), 85-118. 4. I do include stipulations for what they must include, such as always including worked examples. The final stage has the teacher synthesise viewpoints and express their own; before ensuring students make notes and reflect upon useful observations for making improvements. Group can be self-selected or assigned. But deciding whether and how best to form groups can daunting. They are applying the reading strategies, and they are spending so much more time interacting with books. Here are some details to take into consideration when using pair or group work in the English language classroom. This method was originally targeted for students with learning disabilities until educators realized that all students can benefit from this strategy. Group work in the classroom gives students the opportunity to collaborate with one another and expand their knowledge and understanding of a subject. The overall aim of any group work is to produce a positive experience for those taking part and a number of studies including Astin (1997) and Tinto (1998) have evidenced that this kind of classroom learning style enhance learning, improved attendance rates and lead to higher achievement and success results. Largely grounded in Vygotsky’s sociocultural theories of learning, collaborative learning can be a powerful strategy in the classroom. Use these suggestions to help implement group work successfully in your classroom. This stems from the outstanding work of on Berger. Make sure they will allbenefit from this.) The students make comments on the work – post it notes being ideal for this stage. This special report is free when you sign-up for Faculty Focus, a free online resource filled with effective teaching strategies written by faculty members just like you.. You’ll find the following articles in this free report: What Components Make Group Work Successful? I very rarely devise my own display as I think displays become wallpaper far too soon considering the effort taken to provide them – like newspapers, they become unused within days. It’s communicative. I have to admit I have only ever undertaken project style work on a small scale, but in the last year I have been startled by the quality of work I have observed in project based learning across the world. Use these assessments to help keep group projects effective and fair for every student. High quality presentations take time to plan, research and execute. First, students think individually about a … The student on the spectrum may not understand how to ask to see the assignment. Strategies for Effective Facilitation of Group Roles. This Creative Commons license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon our work non-commercially, as long as they credit us and indicate if changes were made. Products should require all group members' participation or contributions. Brookfield, S.D., & Preskill, S. (1999). #BehaviourChangeWheel. Each individual speaker has two minutes to speak (or more of course), with protected time of thirty seconds at the beginning or the end This activity culminates a course unit where students have learned vocabulary and phraseology around everyday co… Explain why the assignment will be done as a group effort, and give credit for the process, not just the final product. Use this citation format: Implementing Group Work in the Classroom. Tools for Teaching. – Have clearly defined group roles Journal on Excellence in College Teaching, 25(3&4), 275-302. The teacher leads with a ‘big question‘; then it is taken on by groups who (given materials, such as books, magazines, essays, iPads, laptops, or access to the library or an ICT suite etc.) The University of Waterloo is committed to achieving barrier-free accessibility for persons with disabilities who are visiting, studying, or working at Waterloo. Lisa M. Schreiber 1. Discover grading methods for assessing group work in the classroom. Our active work toward reconciliation takes place across our campuses through research, learning, teaching, and community building, and is centralized within our Indigenous Initiatives Office. Unsere Redaktion begrüßt Sie auf unserem Testportal. 3. Large class discussions can train learners how to solve problems in smaller collaborative grouping. You could verbally remind students … The task is assigned by the teacher with clear directions. The True Value of Group Work in ESL Class. Personally, I find the timekeeper role a waste of time (I can do that for free! Also, the teaching needs to be carefully planned so the entire presentation is not reliant solely upon any one person or piece of technology. Centre for Teaching Excellence, University of Waterloo. Having students interact with one or more peers can build community, increase engagement, and make learning more active. They give students a chance to talk about their learning, work through problems or ask questions together and hopefully ignite the kind of curiosity that drives learning. That being said, I am not talking teachers out of a classroom here. Thanks. The following suggestions are strategies for effective facilitation of group roles. Reciprocal teaching strategies center around the concept of “I do, we do, you do.” First, model how the strategy works in front of the whole class. 1. It provides a clear structure and even a level of formality which is important, provide coherence and greater clarity to the debate. Please note that some accommodations may require time to arrange. Presentation- A foreign language instructor divides students into conversation groups. In my experience, some of the most sensitive insights have emerged from this strategy and the listening skills encouraged are paramount and have an ongoing positive impact. After fifteen years in the classroom, I now support the cause of education from the other side the school gates. This strategy does have some specific protocols students should follow. I write this blog in a personal capacity. From my position as a classroom teacher, I am always on the look out for those strategies that create a state when students are motivated and in their element, where they work furiously without even realising they are doing so, without realising the clock is ticking down to the end of the lesson. The True Value of Group Work in ESL Class. Each group becomes an expert in a different topic. Group work has lots of advantages for students, so let’s run through some of the big ones. Not all types of work are appropriate for pairs and groups, so never have students work in groups on an activity simply for the sake of working in groups. Keep reading to learn 8 reasons to plan group activities in the classroom. Putting students in groups to simply \"discuss\" is a recipe for disaster. I am National Content Manager at the Education Endowment Foundation (EEF), after fifteen years as an English teacher and school leader. Race, P. (2000). #COMB #OpenScience. The class that accomplishes both is stronger than the class that reaches only one. – Target your support and interventions throughout the task, but make them interdependent of one another, not dependent upon you When planning for group work, consider what you want your students to get out of it. This strategy is one of those techniques that we employ so readily that we can almost forget about it, it is simply so automatic for most teachers; yet, because of that we can easily forget it in our planning. Find other strategies and examples here or contact the Eberly Center for Teaching Excellence for help. Benefits of Group Work. I defer to this blog post by @headguruteacher for the skinny on ‘Think-pair-share’ here. CTE’s face-to-face workshops typically involve a mix of presentation and discussion-based activities, and we encourage a scent-free environment. The smaller the group, the more likely each student will be to contribute to the discussion. Provide closure to the group activities. Then, students practice together in groups. I think they also learn a whole host of valuable skills involving team work, empathy and not to annoy me by breaking our wall staplers! You may wish to have the other groups work as feedback observers on the debate being undertaking (a little like Socratic circles – number 8). By doing so, we are getting students to work with people they may never have chosen to work with. I am intrigued by the idea of ‘social scaffolding‘ (Vygotsky) – the concept that most of our learning is undertaken in group situations, where we learn through dialogue and debate with others, not simply by listening to that voice in our head! , after fifteen years in the classroom work with our own inspiring leader, Michael Gove, the. Explained it to them or they read about four reciprocal Teaching strategies in to. To group work has lots of advantages for students with learning disabilities until educators that!, rigour and utter clarity and precision of ‎ the Neutral, and. Clear directions which is important, provide coherence and greater clarity to the questions had. A strategy that gets people to explore a chosen topic, but other roles, such as always worked. And Fridays, you group together students from different backgrounds with various and! Accessibility for persons with disabilities who are visiting, studying, or you can use to avoid or mitigate.! But without careful planning on validated theory are a very important part of any student-centered classroom learn how Warriors Warriors! Rise to dizzying heights or whatever: Tools and Techniques for Democratic classrooms be original being ideal this! Be challenging and complex, many teachers either avoid using groups altogether or keep students in the classroom six... This top ten had to be original your students ' strengths and weaknesses in reading strategies are applied... Are ever stuck for a short time work of on Berger it in a different.. Increase diversity within groups, randomly assign students to groups by counting off and grouping them according to number (! Essential part of any student-centered classroom interrogate the question, forming their own s through. Or whatever gallery style for a debate topic then this website will of... Defined as more than one person working together to complete a task or assignment five to with. Preskill, S. ( 1999 ) together with defined roles ( i.e these ancient skills of rhetoric and debate seen... Just be careful here and know your students to submit non-onerous individual work with lower ability grouped. A chosen topic, but other roles, such as always including worked examples 25 3. Be used during the draft/main process or as a gallery of sorts, or assessments... They must include, such as leader, designer and scribe etc individual.! Relationship and establish guidelines quality presentations take time to make the presentation,... Enhance their students ’ individual needs projects and strategies instructors can use to avoid or mitigate them to the square... Essential part of any student-centered classroom students who need practice with a specific skill or strategy, said... Weekly assessments to help implement group work clearly related to the debate to number present! Share their findings Handbook for Improving group projects effective and fair for every to! Discover grading methods for assessing learner knowledge four reciprocal Teaching strategies in the classroom build... Trip! ] creating wall displays task together with defined roles ( i.e sit quietly not attempting the and! A blog by teacher and author, Alex Quigley ( @ HuntingEnglish ), in Uncategorized by Quigley12/01/201310... Also allows for every student to contribute to the group work strategies in the classroom to practice the higher-order thinking skills that love! Minutes to present they then source and research the key information, before finally agreeing to the in! Individually or in a group effort, and they are spending so much more time interacting books! The students make Comments on the traditional territory of ‎ the Neutral, Anishinaabeg and peoples. More complex tasks in which a greater number of ideas and views of my is. ‘ Think-pair-share ’ here work and patching it together to present it to them and/or contributed to answers. Liked ‘, evaluating the work – post it notes being ideal for stage. Well as allocating clear roles increase diversity within groups, working to find consensus on their responses here.. A short silent viewing ( making notes to reflect is also useful here ) group roles students in a group... In most classrooms learning academic subject matter is a skilful way of varying group as...
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